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Trefonen CE Primary School

Learning in love, growing in faith.

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Nightingales Class

In Nightingales Class children will learn about:

  • Living things and their habitats
  • Plants
  • Animals, including humans
  • Use of Everyday materials

LIVING THINGS AND THEIR HABITATS:

Children will learn that all living things have certain characteristics that are essential for keeping them alive and healthy. They will raise and answer questions that help them to understand the life processes that are common to all living things. They will learn the terms ‘habitat’ (a natural environment or home of a variety of plants and animals) and ‘microhabitat’ (a very small habitat, e.g. for woodlice under stones, logs or leaf litter). They will raise and answer questions about the local environment that help them to identify and study a variety of plants and animals within their habitat and observe how living things depend on each other, e.g.plants serving as a source of food and shelter for animals. They will compare animals in familiar habitats with animals found in less familiar habitats, e.g. on the seashore, in woodland, in the ocean, in the rainforest.

 

 

Children will learn:

  • the differences between things that are living, dead, and things that have never been alive, including comparing them
  • that most living things live in habitats to which they are suited
  • how different habitats provide for the basic needs of different kinds of animals and plants, and how they depend on each other
  • how to identify and name a variety of plants and animals in their habitats, including microhabitats
  • how animals obtain their food from plants and other animals,
  • how a simple food chain works
  • to identify and name different sources of food
  • how to work scientifically by:
    • sorting and classifying things according to whether they are living, dead or were never alive, recording their findings using charts; describing how they decided where to place things and exploring questions
    • constructing a simple food chain that includes humans (eg, grass, cow, human); describing the conditions in different habitats and microhabitats (under log, on stony path, under bushes); 
    • finding out how the conditions affect the number and type(s) of plants and animals that live there.

USE OF EVERYDAY MATERIALS:

Children will identify and discuss the uses of different everyday materials so that they become familiar with how some materials are used for more than one thing (e.g. metal can be used for coins, cans, cars and table legs; wood can be used for matches, floors, and telegraph poles) or different materials are used for the same thing (spoons can be made from plastic, wood, metal, but not normally from glass).

 

Children will learn:

  • how to identify and compare the suitability of a variety of everyday materials, including wood, metal, plastic, glass, brick, rock, paper and cardboard for particular uses
  • how the shapes of solid objects made from some materials can be changed by squashing, bending, twisting and stretching
  • about the properties of different materials that make them suitable or unsuitable for particular purposes
  • about unusual and creative uses for everyday materials (e.g. people who have developed useful new materials, for example John Dunlop, Charles Macintosh or John McAdam
  • how to work scientifically by:
  • comparing the uses of everyday materials in and around the school with materials found in other places (at home, the journey to school, on visits, and in stories, rhymes and songs)
  • observing closely, identifying and classifying the uses of different materials, and recording their observations.

ANIMALS INCLUDING HUMANS:

Pupils will learn about the basic needs of animals for survival, as well as the importance of exercise and nutrition for humans. They will also learn about the processes of reproduction and growth in animals. They will learn to recognise growth (they will not be expected to understand how reproduction occurs).

 

Children will learn:

  • that animals, including humans, have offspring which grow into adults
  • the basic needs of animals, including humans, for survival (water, food and air)
  • the importance for humans of exercise, eating the right amounts of different types of food, and hygiene
  • the vocabulary to describe lifecycles e.g. egg, chick, chicken; egg, caterpillar, pupa, butterfly; spawn, tadpole, frog; lamb, sheep. Growing into adults can include reference to baby, toddler, child, teenager, adult.
  • how to work scientifically by:
    • observing, through video or first-hand observation and measurement, how different animals, including humans, grow
    • asking questions about what things animals need for survival and what humans need to stay healthy
    • suggesting ways to find answers to their questions.

PLANTS

Children will use the local environment to observe how plants grow. They will learn the requirements of plants for germination, growth and survival, as well as the processes of reproduction and growth in plants.

 

Children will learn:

  • that seeds and bulbs grow into mature plants
  • that plants need water, light and a suitable temperature to grow and stay healthy
  • that seeds and bulbs need water to grow but most do not need light
  • that seeds and bulbs have a store of food inside them
  • how to work scientifically by:
  • observing and recording, with some accuracy, the growth of a variety of plants as they change over time from a seed or bulb
  • observing similar plants at different stages of growth
  • setting up a comparative test to show that plants need light and water to stay healthy.
  • How to work scientifically by observing, through video or first-hand observation and measurement, how different animals, including humans, grow 
  • asking questions about what things animals need for survival and what humans need to stay healthy 
  • suggesting ways to find answers to their questions. 
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