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Trefonen CE Primary School

Learning in love, growing in faith.

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Year 2


The pupils are working on a broad curriculum in mathematics including: place value; addition and subtraction; multiplication and division; fractions; measurement and geometry. Their Homework Booklets support all the areas below. They are learning their 2, 3, 5 and 10 times tables.


Number - number and place value

Pupils will count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in 10s from any number, forward and backward - learning the respective times tables. They are learning to recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (10s, 1s) and identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line. The pupils will be comparing and ordering numbers from 0 up to 100; using <, > and = signs. They will need to read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words, whilst using place value and number facts to solve problems.


Number - addition and subtraction

Pupils will solve problems with addition and subtraction using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures. They will be expected to apply their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods. Pupils will need to recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100. They will learn to add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including:

  • a two-digit number and 1s
  • a two-digit number and 10s
  • 2 two-digit numbers
  • adding 3 one-digit numbers
  • show that addition of 2 numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of 1 number from another cannot
  • recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems.


Number - multiplication and division

Pupils will learn to recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 3, 5 and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers. Pupils will show that multiplication of 2 numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of 1 number by another cannot. They will solve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts


Number - fractions

In fractions pupils are learning to recognise and find halves and quarters. They will learn about unit fractions and count in halves and quarters.



Pupils will choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels. They will compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity. They will learn to recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value and find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money. Pupils will solve simple problems, including giving change. In time they will tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/half past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times.


Geometry - properties of shapes

Pupils will identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides, symmetry and vertices. They will learn to identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces. 


Geometry - position and direction

Pupils will describe movement and turns and make patterns turning shapes.



In statistics pupils will interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts and tables. They will ask and answer questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity.