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Trefonen CE Primary School

Learning in love, growing in faith.

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Year 1

The pupils are working on a broad curriculum in mathematics including: place value; addition and subtraction; multiplication and division; fractions; measurement and geometry. Their Homework Booklets support all the areas below.


Number - place value

Pupils count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number. They count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals and in multiples of 2s, 5s and 10s. Pupils are taught to identify 1 more and 1 less than a given number. They learn how to identify and represent numbers using objects and create pictorial representations including number lines. They will use the language of: equal to, more than, less than (fewer), most, least and read/write numbers from 1 to 20 in numerals and words.


Number - addition and subtraction

Pupils read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (−) and equals (=) signs. They represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20. Pupils will learn to add and subtract one-digit and two-digit numbers to 20, including 0. They will solve one-step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations, and missing number problems such as 7 = ? – 9.


Number - multiplication and division

Pupils solve one-step problems involving multiplication and division, by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with the support of the teacher


Number - fractions

Pupils recognise, find and name a half as 1 of 2 equal parts of an object, shape or quantity. They will recognise, find and name a quarter as 1 of 4 equal parts of an object, shape or quantity



Pupils compare, describe and solve practical problems for: lengths, heights, mass/weight, capacity and volume and time. Pupils will learn to tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and use a calendar.


Geometry - properties of shapes and position and direction

Pupils will learn to recognise and name common 2-D and 3-D shapes, including: rectangles, squares, circles, triangles, cuboids, cubes, pyramids and spheres. Pupils will describe position, direction (left/right) and movement, including whole, half, quarter and three-quarter turns.